If you are looking for money to start a business or money to grow your existing business, there are a number of different types of lenders who provide finance to entrepreneurs, these include angel investors, banks, debt financiers, niche lenders, personal lenders and venture capital (VC) funding.
While VC funding is a little known financing option, it is an essential source of funding that gives entrepreneurs access to capital markets.
South Africa still has a small formal startup scene and emerging VC industry. The majority of startups are self-funded with only a small minority of entrepreneurs having been funded by angel investors or development finance institutions (DFIs).
According to a FM Magazine article, some of the reasons for the low uptake of VC funding among entrepreneurs are “fear of losing ownership of the business, relatively high regulatory costs, and inexperience with capital markets”.
The industry is, however, showing growth with an influx of capital coming from local and international investors. South Africa has an estimated 202 venture capital funds. Some of the notable ones are Naspers, an early and growth-stage venture capital investment firm that invests globally; Cape Town-based Knife Capital which focuses on technology-enabled ventures; and 4Di Capital, a seed and early stage focused venture capital firm.
In 2021 South African startups attracted more than $800-million. The majority of local investments are still mainly in the Gauteng and Western Cape region.
From a sector perspective, fintechs continue to attract the lion’s share of venture capitalist fundings in South Africa. The most notable deals made last year were all in the sub sector. Digital bank TymeBank secured US$180 million Series B round and Africa’s largest digital payments network, MFS Africa, secured US$100 million Series C, led by AfricInvest.
Also in the top three is Yoco, the payments and software startup, which had one of the biggest deals of the year. They raised US$83 million in a Series C round. This is the single largest investment to have been raised by a South Africa-based payments company. Investors in the round include Dragoneer Investment Group, Breyer Capital, HOF Capital, The Raba Partnership, 4DX Ventures, and TO Ventures. In 2017 Yoco raised an undisclosed sum from U.S.-based Quona Capital and Velocity Capital of the Netherlands. To date they have raised a total of $107 million.
Venture Capital (VC) is financing that investors provide to businesses in the startup and early growth phases, that they believe have high growth potential. VCs invest money, technical, or managerial expertise in exchange for minority equity ownership.
The investment can be used for product development, beta testing, hiring the right talent or getting their product to the market as soon as possible. It can also be used to expand into a new market or to accelerate user acquisition.
Investors in a VC fund earn a return (or profit) when a portfolio company exits (converts investment in the company into cash), either through an IPO, merger, or acquisition.
This investment model is not for every business, cautions Keet van Zyl from Knife Capital, an VC firm, in the article, “Playbook For Raising Venture Capital Funding In South Africa”.
“Venture Capital should not be the go-to funding choice for everyone starting a business. A startup is a high growth potential company in search of a repeatable and scalable business model.
“Once it gets product/market fit and some traction through the scale-up phase it turns into a so-called ‘Gazelle’ — an extremely fast-growing company [not measured off a low base], which maintains consistent expansion of revenue, employment and/or profit metrics over a prolonged period of time.
“If your business model does not fit within the spectrum of these definitions it is not VC backable and other funding mechanisms may be more appropriate.”
VC deals typically start with an introduction to an investor and a pitch explaining the company’s purpose and why your business is worth investing in.
There are a number of ways that entrepreneurs connect with VCs, mainly through startup and VC events or other industry events. Most VC deals, however, originate from leads from within the VCs wider trusted networks.
It is the entrepreneur’s job before meeting with investors to research the VC firm to determine if their business is in line with the types of businesses/sectors the VC’s invests in. This means looking at their portfolio of companies and their investment mandates.
Allon Raiz, founder of Raizcorp, gives the following advice. “Investors usually have preferences which relate to their own expertise and experience in a particular industry. For example, there are investors who specialise in technology, agricultural processing or financial services, and they will only engage with and fund businesses that fall within their focus area”.
Entrepreneurs will also be asked to share their pitch deck. This is a presentation (typically in Powerpoint or PDF) used to explain a startup idea to potential venture capital investors. The pitch deck provides a brief but informative overview of your business and goes into detail about your monetisation model, how you will scale, as well as provide a viable exit strategy.
If your pitch is successful VCs will start discussing investment terms with the founder. A thorough due diligence will also be conducted on you and your business.
Some examples of red flags investors will look for as part of the due diligence process are:
If all is in order, you will receive the funds in the bank.
Unlike with other more traditional forms of funding, VCs bring a lot more to the table than just money. Experienced VC fund managers often play an active role in supporting and nurturing those startups to ensure a mutually favourable exit.
Some of the post-investment services that VCs can provide are: “strategic guidance, connections to other investors, connections to customers, operational guidance, help hiring board members, and help hiring employees”.
Once investors have put money in the company you will be required to share information about your company with them and delegate some decision-making.
The shareholders’ agreement covers the rights and duties of your investment fund managers, eg: Some of the rights and duties of investment managers, according to nibusinessinfo.co.uk, are:
There are 5 stages of startup funding.
VC firms get their money from large institutions such as pension funds, financial firms and insurance companies. In South Africa the public sector remains a major investor. The firm then invests these funds on behalf of its investors into fast growing businesses.
Compared to other parts of the world, South Africa does not have as many investors investing in the industry, says SAVCA’s Tanya van Lill.
“There is therefore an opportunity in South Africa for more institutional investors such as pension funds and Development Finance Institutions, to start investing in the industry.
“As the industry matures and develops a track record, we are hoping more investors will invest into VC’s which in turn would mean more investment opportunities for entrepreneurs.”
VC funding in South Africa is traditionally channeled to businesses that already have some clients/revenue, with massive potential to grow even further.
Investors will also take a lot at other factors, including the entrepreneur driving the business. It begins with you, the entrepreneur, says Jeremy Lang, Regional General Manager of Business Partners.
“Funders want to see: Committed business owners, both financially and through their level of involvement in the business, business owners who understand their business from a technical perspective and have good levels of business acumen, business owners who run their business with integrity and transparency, business owners who clearly illustrate a passion for the business and industry and a business owner who understands their customer and market segment well.”
Darlene Menzies, shares other factors investors will look at before investing in your startup:
They will ask for further information and also go through the business’ financial statements and its history to date.
Read the full article: SA Funders and Finance Seekers – Where Is The Gap?